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Operations Management: Citing in APA Style

Official APA Manual

7th Edition of the Publication Manual book cover









The 7th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association was published in October 2019, and is now available in the library.  REF BF 767.P83 2019

Some departments and instructors may still be using the 6th edition.  Please consult your instructor if you are unsure which edition to use.


These web sites discuss plagiarism and include examples.

Excelsior OWL - Avoiding Plagiarism
Take the tutorial to better understand plagiarism

Understanding & Preventing Plagiarism


Library Guide, Citing in APA, 7th Edition

Practicing Academic Integrity by Lester and Lester

COM students are required to read this article by Lester & Lester on Academic Integrity.



Official APA Websites, 7th Edition

More APA Examples

Cite Feature in Databases

Some of the databases have a cite feature which will generate the APA citation for you. Be aware that the citation can have errors. EBSCO Business Source Elite tends to be the most accurate, with ProQuest next.

EBSCO Business Source Elite and ProQuest ABI/Inform databases use the Cite link.  The Gale databases use the Citation Tools link. Examples of Gale databases are Academic One File, Expanded Academic ASAP, General OneFile, General Reference Center Gold, Health Reference Center Academic, Small Business Collection.

DOI in APA Citations

The doi, digital object identifier, is a unique alphanumeric string assigned to an article or electronic book.  The publisher assigns a doi when an article or e-book is published and made available electronically. All doi numbers begin with a 10 and contain a prefix and a suffix separated by a slash. You can use the doi of an article in place of the phrase "Retrieved from _______ database.   More information.

APA Style Reference Guide with Doi: Northern Michigan University

Free DOI Lookup at


APA, 7th ed. PowerPoint Slides